Introduction: The most charming and beautiful Kullu valley spreads out its charm on either side of River Beas. The valley runs north to south of this river and is 80kms. long and about 2kms. at its broadest.
History: There are several reference of Kullu in the Ramayana & Mahabharata, Vishnu Purana & other Sanskrit literature. But it is believed that Manu after the great deluge, first stepped into the earth from the celestial boat at a place on this land. The particular spot where he established his abode was the present Manali (village), which is regarded as the changed name of 'MANU-ALAYA', that is the home of Manu.Description: Along with awe inspiring glens and mossy meadows encircled by the rushing streams and meandering brooks, flung east & west, a fairly wide area is open to the tourists, the trekkers, the mountaineers, the artists and anyone who wishes to escape the heat & dust of the plains to breathe the exhilarating air of the Himalaya and enjoy the spectacle of the variegated mountain scenery. The valley is also famous for its exquisitely woven colourful hand made shawls and kullu caps.
Kullu Geography and Climate
Geography: The town of Kullu lies on the bank of River Beas. A major tributary Sar-vari, (derived from "Shiv -Baardi") leads to the less explored and steeper Lug-valley on the west. On the east of Kullu lies a broad mountainous ridge having the village-temples of Bijli Mahadev, Mount Nag and Pueed. Beyond the ridge lies Manikaran valley, along the Parvati river which joins Beas in Bhuntar. On the South of Kullu lie towns of Bhuntar, Out(leading to Anni, Banjar and Siraj Valley) and Mandi(a separate district). Historically Kullu was accessible from Shimla via Siraj valley or through passes on the west leading to Jogindernagar and onto Kangra. To the north lies the famous town of Manali, which through the Rohtang pass leads onto the Lahaul and Spiti
Climate: Pleasant in summer and cold below 0 C with heavy snow fall in winter. From December to February, this period is very chilly. Heavy frost occurs during this period. Snowfall generally occurs during December and January or an early snowfall may occure in November also. During this period, most of the parts of the Kullu remain under cover of snow. But the snow does not remain on the ground for a long time. The average rain fall is 80 cm. Max temperature is 38.8° C and minimum is 5.2° C in winter.
Best time to visit Kullu
March to June for relaxation and sight seeing and to enjoy short and long excursions as well as climbing and river rafting. The ideal time to visit Kullu is from 2nd half of May and June. During July and August, it is rainy season. During this period the temperature falls occasionally. September to November, the period is very pleasant and very clear. The mornings and evenings are generally cold. An early snowfall may occur in November.
Kullu is divided in two by the Sarvari river. The maidan (parade ground) at Dhalpur (the setting for Kullu's festival) is on the south bank, where we can find a taxi stand and Raghunath temple on the north bank;.To cross the river it's quicker to take the footpath next to the hotel than the road.
Kullu Near Getaways
The district is bounded on the north and east by Lahaul & Spiti district. On the south-east by Kinnaur district. On the south by Shimla district. On the south-west and west by Mandi district. And, on the north-west by Kangra district.
Kulu is well connected by road with Delhi, Ambala, Chandigarh, Shimla, Dehradun, Pathankot, Dharamsala & Dalhousie etc. Regular direct buses ply between these stations including deluxe, semi-deluxe and air conditioned buses during tourist season.
How to reach Kullu by Rail
Nearest convenient rail heads are Kiratpur and Chandigarh on Broad Gauge and Jogindernagar on Narrow Gauge from where Kullu can be reached by road.
How to reach Kullu by Air
Kullu is connected by Indian Airlines and Air Deccanwith Delhi. The airport is at Bhuntar, 10kms. from Kullu.
Kullu Festivals and culture
Kullu Dussehra: Dussehra is celebrated in most parts of the country on Vijya Dashmi to commemorate the victory of Rama over demon king Ravana. The highlight of this fair is The victory of good over evil.
Pipal Jatra/ Vasantotsava: The traditional name of Vasantotasava is Pipal Jatra or it is also called Rai-ri-Jach. It takes place at Dhalpur, Kullu on 16th Baisakh every year. The Raja of Kullu used to sit in front of the 'Kala Kendra' on a raised plateform of Pipal Tree alongwith his courtiers and the traditional dance was held in front of him. Once about 16 Kullu gods participated in this fair but by and by it lost its grandeur. Shamshi Virshu: This fair is held on 1st Baisakh (April 13) for one day in village Khokhan. The fair is religious and seasonal. Mela Bhuntar: The fair is held on 1st Ashad (June-July) for 3 days in village Bhunter. The fair is seasonal and religious. The fair was started by the Devta of the ilaqua Suraj Pal. Palaghmiar a Devta from mardo also attends. From this day the use of foodgrains from the newly harvested crops starts .The cooked food offerings are made to the gods and then the meal is shared by other relatives and friends. This is known as 'Tahoolikhana' in the local
Kullu Valley, also known as the "Valley of Gods", is well known for the seven day festival of Dussehra, a celebration of the mythical Lord Rama's victory over the evil king Ravana. The festival takes place in the months of October or November depending upon the Hindu calendar.
Must do at Kullu
Angling: Trout fish is found in large quantity in river Beas and its tributaries Parvati, Sainj, Trithan, Manikaran and Katrain areas. So fishing in Kullu district is an anglers paradise and this sport is catching up day by day. Tirthan river is particularly rich in brown trout fish where natural breeding of the fish takes place. The license for angling can be obtained from Fisheries Office, Kullu, Patlikulh, Larji & Banjar or from Tourist Office, Kullu and
Manali. The Department of Fisheries are also organising angling tournament every year in April and in Sept-October. Trekking: kullu valley provides easiest as well as adventurous trekking paths to trekking lovers. Most of the routes pass though rugged and unspoiled beautiful valleys with aws inspiring glens, mossy meadows, deep forests inter woven by rushing streams and running brooks. Kullu-Manali valleys are full of real mountains and give comparatively easy access to them. White Water Rafting: White water rafting is a thrilling as well as adventurous sports. In Kullu, Badah to Jhiri is a nine kilometer long down stream journey path. It takes rafters four hours to reach the destination. The water of river Beas is fast and water waves are dancing, giving the rafters an exciting experience. Skiing: Skiing is possible in winter season (mid Dec to end of Jan) only when there is a thick layer of snow on the hills. It this view, the Solang Nala is the best consideration for skiing. The Mountaineering Institute, Manali is imparting training in skiing along with its other activities and training